Psychological study of gender concepts among students

Vol. 22 Iss. 2 pp. 1523 | St. Petersburg State Institute of Psychology and Social Work | ISSN: 1993-8101


This article presents an empirical analysis of students’ perception of implicit gender concepts: man and woman, husband and wife, father and mother. Analysis is given to the relationship between ideal images and self-esteem among girls and boys, as well as expectations and claims of sex-role behavior in family. It is revealed that traditional gender stereotypes are seriously transformed within implicit gender concepts among students. Their strong emphasis on contradiction and feminization of male images must be considered in psychological counseling on gender issues.


social gender, implicit concepts, stereotypes, femininity-masculinity, gender identity, family values, role expectations and claims


Citation — Harvard Notation


  1. Bem S. L. Lenses of gender. Transforming the debate on sexual inequality. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994. 256 p. [Rus. ed.: Bem S.L. Linzy gendera. Transformatsiya vzglyadov na neravenstvo polov. Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ., 2004. 331 p.]
  2. Zvereva G. I. Chuzhoye, svoye, drugoye…: feministskiye i gendernye kontsepty v intellektualnoy kulture postsovetskoy Rossii [Another’s, our, different…: feminist and gender concepts in intellectual culture of post-Soviet Russia] Adam i Eva: Almanakh gendernoy istorii [Adam and Eve: almanac of gender history]. Moscow: Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Science Publ., 2002. pp. 238 –278 (in Russian).
  3. Ilyin Ye. P. Pol i gender [Sex and gender]. Moscow-St. Petersburg: Piter Publ., 2010. 688 p. (In Russian).
  4. Kimmel M. Gendered society. New York: Oxford University Press, 336 p. [Rus. ed.: Kimmel M. Gendernoye obshchestvo. Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ., 2006. 464 p.]
  5. Kon I. S. Muzhchina v menyayushchemsya mire [Man in the changing world]. Moscow: Vremya Publ., 2009. 495 p. (In Russian).
  6. Nikiforova G. S. (ed.). Diagnostika zdorovya. Psikhologicheskiy praktikum [Health diagnostics. Psychological practicum]. St. Petersburg: Rech Publ., 2007. 950 p. (In Russian).
  7. Trishin V. N. Elektronnyy slovar-spravochnik sinonimov russkogo yazyka sistemy ASIS [ASIS-system electronic dictionary of Russian language synonyms]. Moscow: Academia Publ., 2010. pp. 158 –165 (in Russian).