Basic principles and rules of bioethics theory

Vol. 20 Iss. 2 pp. 6268 | St. Petersburg State Institute of Psychology and Social Work | ISSN: 1993-8101


Ethical principles and rules form the starting point for that consideration of biomedical problems, which, for example, Kant assigned to categories of understanding in the fi eld of natural science. In the frame-work of ethical principles neither principle is not absolute and has no advantage in comparison to others. The choice of principles in a particular confl ict situation depends on the characteristics of this situation — each of them has its own unique features. Ethical principles are shared by all moral subjects but the principles them-selves may change in the course of historical development


principles, bioethics, rules of bioethics, moral discourse, the hierarchy of principles, the relativity of rules


Citation — Harvard Notation


  1. Letov O. V. Bioetika i sovremennaya meditsina [Bioethics and modern medicine]. Moscow, 2009, 253 p. (In Russian).
  2. Kodeks vrachebnoy etiki, odobrennyy III (XIX) Vserossiyskim Pirogovskim s'ezdom vrachey 7.06.1997 [Code of Medical Ethics, approved by the 3rd (xix) All-Russian Pirogov's Doctor Congress on June 7th, 1997] (in Rusian). Available at: (accessed 19.10.2010).
  3. Sgreccia E., Tambone V. Manuale di bioetica. Bucarest, 2001 (Rus. ed.: Sgrecha E., Tambone V. Bioetika [Bioethics]. Moscow, Bibleysko-bogoslovnyy institut sv. Apostola Andreya, 2002, 417 p.).
  4. Fukuyama F. Our posthuman future. Farrar Straus & Giroux, 2002, 256 p. (Rus. ed.: Fukuyama F. Nashe postchel-ovecheskoe budushchee. Ed. by Levin M. B. Moscow, AST Publ., 2008, 349 p.).
  5. Beauchamp T. L., Childress J. F. Principles of biomedical ethics. N.Y. — Oxford, Oxford univ. press., 1989, 470 p.
  6. Frith L. Beneath the rhetoric: the role of rights in the practice of non-anonymous gamete donation. Bioethics, 2001, vol. 15, no. 5 – 6, pp. 473–484.
  7. Paris J. S. The catholic tradition on the use of nutrition on fl uids. Philosophy and Medicine, 1992, vol. 41, pp. 189 –208.